I have many research interests. I am an active researcher in Computer Science and Computer Engineering topics that revolves around my experience as a practitioner in the field of Cybersecurity, and Information Technology. Additionally, I am also an active researcher in STEM Librarianship, Information Literacy, and OER. Here is a collection of conference papers, journal articles, posters, etc. I’ve contributed to date starting with the most recent.

Black Squirrel GNU/Linux: The Worlds first operating system designed for libraries, museums, and archives


This poster discusses the research and development of Black Squirrel GNU/Linux. The operating system and its core applications were developed to support librarians and information professionals who need cutting-edge tools to aid in support of their responsibilities in their respective institutions. The 21st-century library has evolved to include makerspaces, hackerspaces, and gamerspaces. The 21st-century museum along with libraries and national archives are responsible for digital curation and preservation of born-digital and digitized content. The communities that these institutions serve rely on them to provide access to information, and cutting-edge technology. Budget cuts and lack of funding affect these institutions all over the world. Hardware and proprietary software costs have limited the advancements in the technology infrastructure in some of these institutions. Black Squirrel GNU/Linux is a Debian derivative that provides (free) open source software needed for data preservation, records management, and data curation. It can run on old computers and low-cost computers like the Raspberry Pi. Some of the applications that are discussed are transcription, software for computer homeostasis, a digital repository, subject librarian consultation tool, and records management tool. Black squirrel’s approach to privacy and security are also discussed.

Presented at the WLIC 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly 2018.

Author: Trevor Watkins

Librarians Beyond the Brick and Mortar: A Framework for Embedding STEM Library Services in Virtual Spaces


Colleges and universities across the world continue to shift degree programs from learning in physical spaces to asynchronous and synchronous learning in virtual spaces. Students, who have access to brick and mortar libraries at their academic institution are sometimes unable to utilize resources because of time constraints and responsibilities outside of the classroom. Reference and information services must evolve to meet the needs of students who are unable to access the brick and mortar library physically. Facilitated by a science librarian who created a framework to deal with these issues, this workshop offers participants the opportunity to explore new methods of outreach for both distance learning students and non-traditional students and find solutions that can be implemented in their institutions. The focus of this session is library services for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. However, attendees will learn that the framework can be applied to any subject area. Within the framework, librarians and information professionals investigate traditional library services and potential roadblocks both distance learning, and non-traditional students encounter when library services become a necessity for their collegiate success. Additionally, participants learn how to migrate existing library services and identify and implement new services into virtual spaces. We look at usability tools and methods that help identify student needs that the library service supports, evaluate cloud applications and collaborative tools essential for facilitating the transition and discuss what new skills current professionals must ascertain, and what topics library and information science schools should consider integrating into the curriculum to prepare future professionals. The session begins with a discussion on how a software engineering workshop and plagiarism school service was virtualized for the benefit of distance learning students. Participants work in groups with scenarios to analyze and provide virtual solutions for specific library services.

Paper Presented at the WLIC 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly 2018.

Author: Trevor Watkins

Open Knowledge Diffusion Tools: FOSS, OER, OT, MOOC and the Role of the Library in Mitigating the Social Inertia of Constrained Learning Environments


The cost of higher education and the rise of student debt, juxtaposed with the attrition of formal learning and the rise and evolution of informal learning presents a unique challenge to academic institutions. Students can no longer afford the cost of textbooks, and the use and embracement of proprietary software limits the freedom of knowledge exchange. A successful pedagogical metamorphosis will depend on the resistance to social inertia, influenced by internal and external entities of academic institutions, and the pressure to remain in a constrained learning environment. In this research, we present our concept of open knowledge diffusion and the effects of social inertia in preserving constrained learning environments. We identify and explain Open Knowledge Diffusion Tools (OKDT) such as Open Educational Resources (OER), Open Textbooks (OT), Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). We discuss their impact on pedagogy and informal learning. Finally, we present a framework in which libraries play a major role in mitigating the social inertia of constrained learning environments.

Paper Presented at the WLIC 82nd IFLA General Conference and Assembly 2016.

Authors: Trevor Watkins, Dr. Feng-Ru Sheu


Partial Computer Homeostasis Through Syslog Analysis Using Autonomous Epistemic Agents


The proliferation of mobile computing, the Internet of Things, hosting services, and cloud computing has increased the burden of computer log file analysis for system administrators, network analysts, security analysts, and large server hosting organizations. This is due to the voluminous amounts of log entries now produced by these technologies. Since log file analysis is used to monitor and control the overall health of the computer systems behind these technologies, it has become increasingly important. The spike in the number of log entries has made real-time log analysis by human effort untenable and automated real-time log analysis essential. The log analysis process often requires human insight and judgment before a diagnosis or information synthesis becomes apparent. So while automated log analysis methods are essential, they must also be knowledge-based to be effective. In this paper, we describe a knowledge-based approach to partial computer self-regulation that uses autonomous epistemic agents to analyze and diagnose syslog entries in real-time, using a priori and posteriori knowledge of log file analysis within a hybrid deductive-abductive first order logic model. The epistemic agent uses its a priori knowledge of Unix/Linux-based computer systems in conjunction with posteriori knowledge extracted from log file entries to uncover negative and positive scenarios and take advantage of opportunities to regulate a computer system’s homeostasis.

Presented at the 8th International Conference on Knowledge Capture 2015.

Authors: Cameron Hughes, Tracey Hughes, Trevor Watkins, James Dittrich

Poster Presented at 8th International Conference on Knowledge Capture