Here is a list of my most recent presentations. To see a list of all my presentations to date, please check out my CV.

World Library Information Congress 85th IFLA General Conference and Assembly



The primary objective of the Cosmology of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Project is to develop and provide a friendly outward facing visualization of the evolutionary structure of the field of AI by tracing the genesis and origins of the major Schools of Thought (SOT) of AI, their major influences, and its interactions with the subject matter, the most important institutions, people, and techniques. In developing the Cosmology, the major structures and processes at work in its evolution would be revealed and hopefully predict the vector of its fate revealing a discrete story for AI’s beginning, middle and end. This tool will allow the public and others in the field to evaluate hype-frenzy cycles and predictions, contextualize innovations and inform our moral and ethical discussions. Because much of the content for the AI cosmology will be historical in nature, we will rely on materials from digital libraries such as seminal books, papers, journal articles, interviews, oral histories, taxonomies etc., to discern and identify the concepts, topics, contributors and projects and their relationships. The project aims to elucidate the cosmology in the form of a visualization map of a solar system used as a reference map. The graphs of the major SOTs, its topics, methods, and key contributors will be visually represented as astronomical objects in a solar system (e.g. planets, moons, rings, etc.). Historical events in AI and other fields of science that has had significant influence will be visualized as meteors, asteroids, comets or eclipses. The goal of the visualization is to be educational, informative, and entertaining. We envision public, academic, and special libraries, museums, makerspaces, and science centers. Librarians will be able to develop programming for their respective communities to inform them of the history, present trends and future of AI, and in the process strengthen the public’s AI literacy.

Authors: Trevor Watkins, Tracey Hughes, Cameron Hughes, Lael Hughes-Watkins, Dr. Marcia Zeng

Presenters: Trevor Watkins, Lae’l Hughes-Watkins

Date: 10/26/2019 – 10/27/2019

Location: Megaron Convention Center, Athens, Greece

103rd Annual Meeting and Conference: The Association for the Study of African American Life and History (ASALH)

How African American Contributions to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Both Directly and Indirectly Had a Significant Impact During Times of War


It is often assumed and continuously substantiated in modern textbooks that African Americans made little to no historical contributions to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. This paper identifies significant contributions of African Americans scientists, engineers, doctors, physicists, chemists, slaves, and regular citizens and analyzes the impact of their research, inventions, and sacrifice in World War I, II and the Vietnam War.

Presenter: Trevor Watkins

Date: 10/4/2018


OpenCon New York 2018

Applying The OKDT Framework to Cybersecurity Courses

During my presentation, I demonstrated Parrot OS and Aircrack, FOSS tools used in the course


This presentation highlights a one year two semester case study in which the author applied the open knowledge diffusion tools (OKDT) framework to two cybersecurity courses. The OKDT framework was introduced and presented by the author at the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) World Library and Information Congress (WLIC) in 2016. The presentation discusses the process it took to eliminate the use of high cost textbooks, the incorporation of OER, and pre and post assessment of student usage, the switch from proprietary to open source software for the course, and feedback to determine impact. Attendees will have the opportunity to see the OKDT framework in action. The OKDT framework serves as a blueprint which educators can utilize for their courses. Students will have the opportunity to see how they can supplement their learning experience by using OER regardless of whether it is fully embraced at their academic institutions. Finally, the last half of the presentation is designed to be interactive with a Q&A styled discussion with attendees.

Presenter: Trevor Watkins

Date: 10/26/2018

Location: Adelphi University, New York, New York

World Library Information Congress 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly



This poster discusses the research and development of Black Squirrel GNU/Linux. The operating system and its core applications were developed to support librarians and information professionals who need cutting-edge tools to aid in support of their responsibilities in their respective institutions. The 21st-century library has evolved to include makerspaces, hackerspaces, and gamerspaces. The 21st-century museum along with libraries and national archives are responsible for digital curation and preservation of born-digital and digitized content. The communities that these institutions serve rely on them to provide access to information, and cutting-edge technology. Budget cuts and lack of funding affect these institutions all over the world. Hardware and proprietary software costs have limited the advancements in the technology infrastructure in some of these institutions. Black Squirrel GNU/Linux is a Debian derivative that provides (free) open source software needed for data preservation, records management, and data curation. It can run on old computers and low-cost computers like the Raspberry Pi. Some of the applications that are discussed are transcription, software for computer homeostasis, a digital repository, subject librarian consultation tool, and records management tool. Black squirrel’s approach to privacy and security are also discussed.

Presenter: Trevor Watkins

Date: 08/26/2018 – 08/27/2018

Location: Convention Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Presented at the WLIC 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly 2018.


World Library Information Congress 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly



Colleges and universities across the world continue to shift degree programs from learning in physical spaces to asynchronous and synchronous learning in virtual spaces. Students, who have access to brick and mortar libraries at their academic institution are sometimes unable to utilize resources because of time constraints and responsibilities outside of the classroom. Reference and information services must evolve to meet the needs of students who are unable to access the brick and mortar library physically. Facilitated by a science librarian who created a framework to deal with these issues, this workshop offers participants the opportunity to explore new methods of outreach for both distance learning students and non-traditional students and find solutions that can be implemented in their institutions. The focus of this session is library services for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. However, attendees will learn that the framework can be applied to any subject area. Within the framework, librarians and information professionals investigate traditional library services and potential roadblocks both distance learning, and non-traditional students encounter when library services become a necessity for their collegiate success. Additionally, participants learn how to migrate existing library services and identify and implement new services into virtual spaces. We look at usability tools and methods that help identify student needs that the library service supports, evaluate cloud applications and collaborative tools essential for facilitating the transition and discuss what new skills current professionals must ascertain, and what topics library and information science schools should consider integrating into the curriculum to prepare future professionals. The session begins with a discussion on how a software engineering workshop and plagiarism school service was virtualized for the benefit of distance learning students. Participants work in groups with scenarios to analyze and provide virtual solutions for specific library services.

Author, Presenter: Trevor Watkins

Date: 08/27/2018

Location: Convention Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Paper Presented at the WLIC 84th IFLA General Conference and Assembly 2018.

Alfaisal University's College of Engineering Webinar Series

The Industrial Robot and Software Development Lifecycle: A Framework for Designing, Building, and Programming for Industrial Robot Integration


In this talk, the author discussed the process of building robots in parallel with designing and creating applications in the Industry 4.0 ecosystem. The lifecycle is composed of eight phases. The author discussed the importance of specifications, scope, evaluating risk and alternatives, constraints, the design phase and the importance of workflow and UML design integration, algorithms, coding (assembly and object oriented languages), testing and quality assurance, maintenance, and end of life specifically when applicable for either robot, application or both.

Presenter: Trevor Watkins

Date: 03/23/2018

Ohio Linux Festival 2017

A Little Artificial Intelligence Help With Syslog


The proliferation of mobile computing, PAAS, SAAS, IAAS, and virtualization has increased the burden of log file analysis for the system administration and programming function. The spike in the number of log entries has made analysis by manual human effort untenable and automated analysis essential. But effective log file analysis is not an exact science. A useful log analysis process often requires human insight and judgment. So while automated log analysis methods are useful, they must also be knowledge-based to be effective. In this talk, we describe a new Linux utility and an approach that uses autonomous epistemic agents to analyze entries in real time. The epistemic agent uses its a priori knowledge and posteriori knowledge extracted from logs. This talk provides those burdened with the task of monitoring and understanding Syslog and its variants with new Syslog configuration techniques and a preview of an AI layer proposal for Syslog.

Presenters: Cameron Hughes, Tracey Hughes, Trevor Watkins

Date: 09/29/2017

World Library Information Congress 82nd IFLA General Conference and Assembly



The cost of higher education and the rise of student debt, juxtaposed with the attrition of formal learning and the rise and evolution of informal learning presents a unique challenge to academic institutions. Students can no longer afford the cost of textbooks, and the use and embracement of proprietary software limits the freedom of knowledge exchange. A successful pedagogical metamorphosis will depend on the resistance to social inertia, influenced by internal and external entities of academic institutions, and the pressure to remain in a constrained learning environment. In this research, we present our concept of open knowledge diffusion and the effects of social inertia in preserving constrained learning environments. We identify and explain Open Knowledge Diffusion Tools (OKDT) such as Open Educational Resources (OER), Open Textbooks (OT), Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). We discuss their impact on pedagogy and informal learning. Finally, we present a framework in which libraries play a major role in mitigating the social inertia of constrained learning environments.

Presenters: Trevor Watkins, Dr. Feng-Ru Sheu

Date: 08/25/2016

Paper Presented at the WLIC 82nd IFLA General Conference and Assembly 2016.

The 2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Satellite and Space Missions

Intelligent Peer-to-Peer Mesh Satellite-Extraterrestrial Deep Space Network: Interplanetary Communication and Data Collection Based on Semantic Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm Using Autonomous Cooperative Agents


NASA’s Deep Space Network (DSN) is a network of satellites, antennas and interplanetary probes. While effective, the current two-way communication link used for probe control and data collection has some limitations. This paper discusses how to scale and improve the current Deep Space Network by integrating a new peer-to-peer mesh satellite architecture based on Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm (ABCA) using autonomous cooperative agents. This paper is divided into three parts. First, the architecture is discussed. It is composed of a new central semantic routing algorithm between satellites, a data forwarding mechanism and a winter cluster resiliency scheme. Second, the interaction, responsibilities and cooperation between autonomous software agents that govern each satellite is discussed. Finally, the integration of this infrastructure with the existing DSN infrastructure was discussed.

Presenter: Trevor Watkins

Date: 07/22/2016

The 8th International Conference on Knowledge Capture



The proliferation of mobile computing, the Internet of Things, hosting services, and cloud computing has increased the burden of computer log file analysis for system administrators, network analysts, security analysts, and large server hosting organizations. This is due to the voluminous amounts of log entries now produced by these technologies. Since log file analysis is used to monitor and control the overall health of the computer systems behind these technologies, it has become increasingly important. The spike in the number of log entries has made real-time log analysis by human effort untenable and automated real-time log analysis essential. The log analysis process often requires human insight and judgment before a diagnosis or information synthesis becomes apparent. So while automated log analysis methods are essential, they must also be knowledge-based to be effective. In this paper, we describe a knowledge-based approach to partial computer self-regulation that uses autonomous epistemic agents to analyze and diagnose syslog entries in real-time, using a priori and posteriori knowledge of log file analysis within a hybrid deductive-abductive first order logic model. The epistemic agent uses its a priori knowledge of Unix/Linux-based computer systems in conjunction with posteriori knowledge extracted from log file entries to uncover negative and positive scenarios and take advantage of opportunities to regulate a computer system’s homeostasis.

Presenters: Cameron Hughes, Tracey Hughes, Trevor Watkins, James Dittrich

Date: 10/09/2015